The Duke of Lauderdale

John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale

A naive and rather flattering watercolour portrait of the Duke of Lauderdale, circa 1690. John Maitland [1616 -1682] was the 1st Duke and 2nd Earl of Lauderdale and 3rd Lord Maitland of Thirlestane. In 1647 he was commissioned by the Scottish Parliament to treat with King Charles 1st at Hampton Court and shortly after commanded a regiment of horse in the Parliamentary army at the Battle of Marston Moor, the decisive battle of the Civil War. Soon after, he had a change of heart and became a supporter of the Royalist cause and brought horsemen to rescue Charles from captivity near London. After the execution of Charles 1st, Lauderdale went to Holland to offer his support to Charles II and they became firm friends. He accompanied Charles to the Battle of Worcester in 1651, where  he was taken prisoner and sent to the Tower of London for nine years. At the Restoration he was released. The King had the highest regard for Lauderdale’s great learning and wisdom as well as his  knowledge of affairs of State. He is depicted in a long curled wig, wearing armour and a lace jabot. The 17th century miniature is set to an early 19th century gold and garnet pendant mount. It measures 1.5 inches by 1 and 1/8 inches. Quite charming and immaculate.